What are sports hall floors made of?
When it comes to sports flooring, the most frequent type of flooring used in sports halls is synthetic floors, mostly made out of polyurethane.
How does a synthetic floor work?
A sports hall floor is an extremely tough and durable surface that allows for a wide range of activities to be carried out while providing a non-slip and safe environment.
It is significant for a sports floor to have suitable resistance as well as durability for safety purposes. A synthetic base provides many benefits, including:
- Non-slip surface
- Ability to use during all weather conditions
- Resistance to abrasion and tearing
- Resistant to humidity and dampness
- Resistant to impact
- High shock absorption
During the summer, many events occur in sports halls, but one of the most common is basketball. Many amateur competitions are often held in smaller, local sports halls while teams in larger arenas play professional games.
The majority of these floors are designed to resist weather conditions, including humidity and dampness. Most have a moisture vapor transmission rate of between 0.02 and 0.17 g/m²/24h.
Among the popular materials for making sports floor is a polyurethane or rubber mixture, which is then combined with different elements that provide the specific characteristics required by each surface type.
One example of this is when it comes to basketball floors, these are typically composed of plastic granules, rubber particles, and polyurethane binders.
What are the different types of sports hall floors?
There are many different kinds of synthetic floors that can be used in sports halls, depending on the type of activities that will take place there.
There are four main kinds:
- Multi-purpose sports floors
These are the most common kinds of flooring for general-purpose sports halls. They offer good value for money compared to other types of synthetic flooring and they provide a non-slip surface that is perfect for basketball courts.
- Pure sport floors
These are usually less thick than multi-purpose sports flooring. They offer more excellent sound absorption, which allows for activities that involve jumping or have a higher impact on the surface, such as gymnastics, martial arts, or volleyball.
- Special sports floors
Unique sports floors are usually the most expensive, and they provide the best performance for specific activities. These applications include squash, badminton, handball, and tennis courts. These applications require a highly shock-absorbent floor with good damping and dynamic characteristics.
- Ice hockey floors
These surfaces have designs preferred for ice hockey rinks, used for some of the most demanding sports. They provide a non-slip surface that is sturdy, water-resistant, and able to withstand high impacts and vibrations from the skating equipment.
The thicker a floor is, the more expensive it will be, but more durability and resistance will also be. Generally, the more comprehensive, the better with this kind of flooring, but it can also be a disadvantage as there are limits to how thick they can be before they are no longer portable.
In conclusion, there are many different kinds of sports hall floors and each one has a specific application and use. The most common type of flooring used in these rooms is synthetic surfaces because they provide good resistance and durability.